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Philip ii ruled the Ancient Greek state of Macedonia from 358BC til his death in 336BC. Philip was the father of Alexander the Great who would go on to subdue the mighty Persian Empire. Philip however, was no slouch and laid the groundwork for Alexander to achieve such feats. He had led wars against the Illyrians and Thrace to the north and Thesaly to the South. He had also managed to get the Athenians to sue for peace after unsuccessful attempts to stop the juggernaut which was Ancient Macedonia. Having control of most of mainland Greece, Philip turned to Sparta. According to Plutarch, he sent Sparta an ultimatum.

‘You are advised to submit without further delay, for if I bring my army into your land I will destroy your farms, slay your people and raze your city’

The Spartans sent a message back:

‘If’

Neither King Philip nor Alexander the Great ever marched on Sparta.

 

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